June 18, 2021

Rising Earthquakes Leading to Greater Scrutiny of SWD; Reuse Option is Limited

Rising Earthquakes Leading to Greater Scrutiny of SWD; Reuse Option is Limited

June 18, 2021

The first article below, “Treating the US Oil Industry’s Dark Water: As Earthquakes Increase, Billions Needed to Switch Course”, details increasing earthquakes and other negative environmental impacts as reasons to “switch course”, specifically calling for more reuse of wastewater.  The second article, “Challenges in Reusing Produced Water” details the high cost of this treatment for most end uses.  Reuse is inherently limited to the extent that contaminants are usually not destroyed, but become more concentrated as good water is separated from toxic water, and the more contaminated the residual water becomes, the more expensive to treat.  On the other hand, reuse is benefitting from continually rising freshwater prices in some very water stressed areas.  ECOVAP is uniquely able to provide low cost disposal for any produced water waste stream up to 200k ppm, avoiding all of the environmental impacts of SWD’s (earthquakes, trucking/CO2, pressurized energy consumption and aquifer contamination).

Articles:

Treating the US oil industry’s dark water: As earthquakes increase, billions needed to switch course

Challenges in Reusing Produced Water

Latest News

West Texas Shale Companies Could End Up Paying Up to $207-$763mn to Transport Water from Seismic Zones
January 2022
In response to a 88x increase since 2018 in >3 Richter scale earthquakes in the Permian, Texas regulators are imposing restrictions that can shut-down or sharply curtail the volumes of certain saltwater injection wells (“SWDs”). As a result, transportation costs to ever more distant and less seismicity-dangerous SWDs could lead West Texas Shale E+P costs to increase by $207mn (currently contemplated curtailments/shutdowns) and as much as $763mn (assuming curtailments and shut-downs of all of the SWDs in the earthquake-prone areas). As an enhanced evaporation company, EcoVAP carries no seismicity risk, and is generally able to evaporate with 1/40th the land footprint and lower costs than conventional evaporation. Moreover, because EcoVAP’s Evaporation Matrices are fully scalable to any wastewater disposal need, they can be located at the well-head or tank battery, thus implying no trucking. EcoVAP already operates one such facility in the Eagle Ford (See Case Study: https://www.ecovap.com/case-studies/oil-gas-operation)
EcoVAP’s Dramatic Impact on Reducing C02 Footprint
January 2022
The attached report “The Carbon Footprint of Water” estimates the water sector consumes a whopping 13% of all electricity in the US and is responsible for 5% of all US carbon emissions. Moreover, these figures are expected to rise dramatically given that new water supplies must come from even more energy-demanding sources; i.e., pumping through longer aqueducts and from deeper aquifers, and from desalination and other treatments for reuse. By contrast, EcoVAP’s biomimcry-based technology uses practically no electricity, thus implying negligible CO2 footprint, and our “Matrices” can also be located at the point where the wastewater is generated, thus avoiding the CO2 from trucking.
Study: Toxic Fracking Waste is Leaking into California Groundwater
November 2021
California is facing “massive” groundwater contamination due to the practice of dumping wastewater into "percolation pits," being the last state in the US that allows dumping into these unlined ponds. The amount of water being disposed of this way is increasing rapidly: in 2019, there was nearly 3 billion barrels of produced water generated by the oil/gas sector, or roughly 18 barrels per barrel of oil produced, having more than doubled from the 8bbls per barrel of oil registered 20 years ago. There are 1,850 produced water ponds in California’s Tulare Basin alone, and to date regulators and corporates have generally concluded that the cost of the clean-up of legacy contamination is excessive - even while the dumping of 16bbls/year into the percolation ponds continues. These percolation ponds and “spray-fields” allow toxins to either seep into underground aquifers or flow into rivers and aqueducts when it rains. In one case, the carcinogen benzene was found at 45x the safety limit for drinking water.
WASHINGTON POST
MARCH 2021
Army Corps denies permit for massive gold mine proposed near Bristol Bay in Alaska
WASHINGTON POST
MARCH 2021
Army Corps denies permit for massive gold mine proposed near Bristol Bay in Alaska
WASHINGTON POST
MARCH 2021
Army Corps denies permit for massive gold mine proposed near Bristol Bay in Alaska
WASHINGTON POST
MARCH 2021
Army Corps denies permit for massive gold mine proposed near Bristol Bay in Alaska
WASHINGTON POST
MARCH 2021
Army Corps denies permit for massive gold mine proposed near Bristol Bay in Alaska
WASHINGTON POST
MARCH 2021
Army Corps denies permit for massive gold mine proposed near Bristol Bay in Alaska